The pact is far from a definite success. It also ends amid growing trade tensions with Canada and widespread concern about Mexico`s ability to impose occupational health and safety. In addition, all the economic benefits and job gains are still years away. In 2015, the Congressional Research Service concluded that “NAFTA`s overall net impact on the U.S. economy appears to be relatively small, not least because trade with Canada and Mexico accounts for a small percentage of U.S. GDP. However, there have been adjustment costs for workers and businesses as the three countries have prepared for more open trade and investment between their economies. The report also estimated that nafta has added $80 billion to the U.S. economy since its inception, a 0.5% increase in U.S. GDP.  According to a 2018 Sierra Club report, Canada`s NAFTA and Paris Agreement commitments have been met. The Paris commitments were voluntary and NAFTA was mandatory.  For the first time, the agreement is specifically aimed at agricultural biotechnology to support 21st century innovations in agriculture. The text covers all biotechnology, including new technologies such as gene processing, while the trans-Pacific Partnership text covered only traditional rDNA technology.
In particular, the United States, Mexico and Canada have agreed on provisions to improve information exchange and cooperation on trade-related issues in agricultural biotechnology. In its May 24, 2017 report, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) wrote that the economic impact of NAFTA on the U.S. economy was modest. In a 2015 report, the Congressional Research Service summarized several studies as follows: “In reality, NAFTA did not cause the huge job losses that critics feared, nor the significant economic benefits predicted by supporters. The overall net effect of NAFTA on the U.S. economy appears to have been relatively small, not least because trade with Canada and Mexico accounts for a small percentage of U.S. GDP. However, there have been adjustment costs for workers and businesses as the three countries have prepared for more open trade and investment between their economies. :2 House Democrats and unions have already begun to push Mexico to implement itself.
On Tuesday, a group of 59 Democrats, some of whom voted for the USMCA, urged Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to press for the release of Mexican labor lawyer Susana Prieto, who was arrested last month on allegations of false accusations of inciting riots, threats and coercion. Like all EU trade agreements, it protects the EU`s right to apply its own standards to all goods and services sold in Europe. The EU has negotiated a trade agreement with Mexico. After diplomatic negotiations in 1990, the heads of state and government of the three nations signed the agreement on 17 December 1992 in their respective capitals.  The signed agreement had to be ratified by each country`s legislative or parliamentary department. After Donald Trump`s presidential election, a number of trade experts said that exiting NAFTA, as Proposed by Trump, would have a number of unintended consequences for the United States, including limited access to the largest U.S. export markets, reduced economic growth and higher prices for gasoline, cars, fruits and vegetables.  The textile, agriculture and automotive sectors would be most affected.
  Through the discussions, the EU and Mexico are working more closely together in several international standards bodies, such as: Mexico is, according to the International Monetary Fund, the second largest economy in Latin America and the 15th largest in the world. It promotes values similar to those of the EU, including open and fair trade based on international rules.